2 edition of Coal surface mining reclamation costs in the Western United States found in the catalog.
Coal surface mining reclamation costs in the Western United States
Franklin H. Persse
by Dept. of the Interior, Bureau of Mines : for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off. in Washington
Written in English
Bibliography: p. 34.
|Statement||by Franklin H. Persse, David W. Lockard and Alec E. Lindquist.|
|Series||Information circular - Bureau of Mines ; 8737, Information circular (United States. Bureau of Mines) -- 8737.|
|Contributions||Lockard, David W., Lindquist, Alec E., United States. Bureau of Mines.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||ii, 34 p. :|
|Number of Pages||34|
SMCRA levies fees on active coal mining to pay the reclamation costs. Collected fees are deposited in the AML Fund and redistributed to authorized states and tribes to implement their own programs. NAAMLP is the professional association of States and Tribes that work under the auspices of Title IV of SMCRA, as amended. Coal mining, extraction of coal deposits from the surface of Earth from underground. Coal has been used since the Bronze Age, 3, to 4, years ago, and was the basic energy source that fueled the Industrial Revolution of the 18th and 19th centuries.
By the early 's, with the development of steam-powered equipment, surface mining soon became the dominant method of coal removal in the State. Indiana coal mine operators pioneered surface mined land reclamation in the United States. In , a few of them joined together to form the Indiana Coal Producers Association. They voluntarily. On August 3, , the United States Congress passed the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA). It established stringent national standards for coal mining and reclamation and created the federal Office of Surface Mining, Reclamation and Enforcement (OSMRE) as part of the Department of Interior. SMCRA established the Abandoned Mine.
Coal Surface Mine Land Reclamation Costs Walter S. Misiolek and Thomas C. Noser INTRODUCTION Prior to passage of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of , land reclamation requirements varied considerably among the major coal-producing states.' Although the Act es-tablished uniform standards for restora-. ’s and culminated in the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA) of and subsequent advancement in knowledge since that time. Within current energy industries in the western United States, much can be learned from almost 30 years of coal mine reclamation .
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Coal surface mining reclamation costs in the Western United States. Washington: U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, (OCoLC) Online version: Persse, Franklin H.
Coal surface mining reclamation costs in the Western United States. Washington: U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, (OCoLC) Material Type.
A mine in the northern great plains coal province (region d) showed the highest per acre cost whereas mines in part of the western region of the interior coal province (region a) experienced the greatest per ton and per million btu cost.
The high cost of reclamation in the western United States is reflected in the backfilling and grading. The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of (SMCRA) is the primary federal law that regulates the environmental effects of coal mining in the United States.
It established permitting guidelines for existing and future coal mines as well as a trust fund to finance the reclamation of abandoned mines.
Why reclamation is critical The United States western coal industry today faces financial pressure unparalleled in its history. Coal production has fallen by nearly a third from its peak, and continues to decline.
Coal output is projected to shrink further as natural gas prices remain low and prices for renewable energy continue to drop. incentive to stepped-up surface mining, especially in the coal-rich Western United States. Approximately million acres, nearly 2, square miles of land located pri- marily in the East, have been disturbed to date by surface mining (59).
Ij The level of development necessary to achieve projections of coal production from the wes. In response to a congressional request, GAO assessed the availability and cost of surety reclamation bonds for surface coal mine operators in four states to determine the reasonableness of rate-setting found that: (1) sincemine operators have had difficulty in obtaining reclamation bonds because of a decrease in the number of companies underwriting the bonds; (2).
Only coal-related problems caused by mining prior to the enactment of Surface Mining Control Reclamation Act (SMCRA) that meet the first two objectives set out in SMCRA, Priorities 1 and 2, have been systematically inventoried.
The categories of problems in the Inventory and their share of unfunded reclamation costs in the Inventory are shown. Coal mining is the process of extracting coal from the ground. Coal is valued for its energy content and since the s, has been widely used to generate electricity.
Steel and cement industries use coal as a fuel for extraction of iron from iron ore and for cement production. In the United Kingdom and South Africa, a coal mine and its structures are a colliery, a coal mine is a 'pit', and.
The Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSMRE) is part of the U.S. Department of the Interior, and is responsible for regulating surface coal mining in the United States, as well as funding the restoration of abandoned coal mines. OST Toggle for OST.
The U.S. Government's Official Website for the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSMRE). OSMRE's business practices are to reclaim abandoned mine lands (Title IV), regulate active coal mines (Title V), and apply sound science through technology transfer.
For example, since the passage of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA) in the U.S., direct fees have been collected by government agencies from existing coal mining companies.
Various states and Native American tribes have used over US$ billion of those funds to reclaim almost “, acres of hazardous high. The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of (SMCRA) is the primary federal law that regulates the environmental effects of coal mining in the United States.
SMCRA created two programs: one for regulating active coal mines and a second for coal mine reclamation of abandoned mine lands. SMCRA also created the Office of Surface Mining, an agency within the U.S. Priority-3 problems, focused on environmental control, make up % of all reclamation costs.
Coal mine reclamation costs for P-3 problems are estimated at $, for Wills Creek Lake, Million for Seneca Lake and $ Million for Piedmont Lake. Similar reclamation costs for the other lakes could not be estimated due to lack of information. Handbook of Western Reclamation Techniques Page i ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This work was supported in part by the Abandoned Coal Mine Lands (ACML) Research Program at the University of support was administered by the Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality, Land Quality Division from funds returned to Wyoming from the Office of Surface Mining of the U.S.
Coal surface mining and reclamation costs in Appalachia are estimated as a function of reclamation quality, the angle of natural terrain, and the overburden-to-coal stripping ratio. When mining to a maximum stripping ratio of 20, the cost of providing minimally acceptable, or basic, reclamation is estimated to be $, $, and $/ton of.
The report finds that coal companies are not reclaiming mines, and, with the coal industry on shaky financial ground, the public faces increasing liability for massive reclamation costs.
With. of underground coal mining in the Western United States appears to be the implementa- to a capital cost of $/ton of coal mined surface mining and reclamation techniques and equipment include the thickness and character of the overburden, the dip of the.
Improved extraction and reclamation equipment, including integrated mining and reclamation systems, are required in surface mining. A national energy policy that defines the role of coal in meeting future energy requirements is needed to encourage industry to make the long-range capital commitments necessary to develop domestic coal reserves.
Administration's data on China's coal mine production capacity, by the end of Decemberthe state's new coal mine capacity was mainly concentrated in Shanxi, with an accumulated total of million tons/year, of which opencast coal mine production is an important part.
What GAO Found. State agencies and the Department of the Interior's Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSMRE) reported holding approximately $ billion in surety bonds (guaranteed by a third party), collateral bonds (guaranteed by a tangible asset, such as a certificate of deposit), and self-bonds (guaranteed on the basis of a coal operator's own finances) as.
Coal mining - Coal mining - Coal transportation: There are several methods for moving prepared coal from the mine to the markets. The cost of transport can be substantial and can account for a large fraction of the total cost to the consumer.
Rail transportation is by far the most common mode of hauling coal over long distances. Roadbed and track requirements and large fixed investment in.National Research Council (U.S.).
Study Committee on the Potential for Rehabilitating Lands Surface Mined for Coal in the Western United States. Rehabilitation potential of western coal lands. Cambridge, Mass., Ballinger Pub. Co.  (OCoLC) Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: National Research Council (U.S.).
J. Skousen,* T. Cook, L. Wilson-Kokes, and E. Pena-Yewtukhiw S urface coal mining has been conducted on about million ha since in the United States .